Topic to Queue Mapping

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This tutorial builds on the basic concepts introduced in Persistence with Queues tutorial and will show you how to make use of one of Solace’s advanced queueing features called “Topic to Queue Mapping.”

In addition to spooling messages published directly to the queue, it is possible to add one or more topic subscriptions to a durable queue so that messages published to those topics are also delivered to and spooled by the queue. This is a powerful feature that enables queues to participate equally in point to point and publish / subscribe messaging models. More details about the “Topic to Queue Mapping” feature here.

The following diagram illustrates this feature.

Diagram: Topic to Queue Mapping

If you have a durable queue named Q, it will receive messages published directly to the queue destination named Q. However, it is also possible to add subscriptions to this queue in the form of topics. This example adds topics A and B. Once these subscriptions are added, the queue will start receiving messages published to the topic destinations A and B. When you combine this with the wildcard support provided by Solace topics this opens up a number of interesting use cases.


This tutorial assumes the following:

  • You are familiar with Solace core concepts.
  • You understand the basics introduced in Persistence with Queues
  • You have access to Solace messaging with the following configuration details:

    • Connectivity information for a Solace message-VPN configured for guaranteed messaging support
    • Enabled client username and password
    • Client-profile enabled with guaranteed messaging permissions.

One simple way to get access to Solace messaging quickly is to create a messaging service in Solace Cloud as outlined here. You can find other ways to get access to Solace messaging below.


The goal of this tutorial is to understand the following:

  1. How to add topic subscriptions to a queue
  2. How to interrogate the Solace message broker to confirm capabilities.

Get Solace Messaging

This tutorial requires access Solace PubSub+ messaging and requires that you know several connectivity properties about your Solace messaging. Specifically you need to know the following:

Resources Value Description
Host String This is the address clients use when connecting to the PubSub+ messaging to send and receive messages. (Format: DNS_NAME:Port or IP:Port)
Message VPN String The PubSub+ message router Message VPN that this client should connect to.
Client Username String The client username. (See Notes below)
Client Password String The client password. (See Notes below)

There are several ways you can get access to PubSub+ Messaging and find these required properties.

Option 1: Use PubSub+ Cloud

  • Follow these instructions to quickly spin up a cloud-based PubSub+ messaging service for your applications.
  • The messaging connectivity information is found in the service details in the connectivity tab (shown below). You will need:

    • Host:Port (use the SMF URI)
    • Message VPN
    • Client Username
    • Client Password
Screenshot: Messaging Connectivity Information

Option 2: Start a PubSub+ Software

  • Follow these instructions to start the PubSub+ Software in leading Clouds, Container Platforms or Hypervisors. The tutorials outline where to download and how to install the PubSub+ Software.

  • The messaging connectivity information are the following:

    • Host: <public_ip> (IP address assigned to the VMR in tutorial instructions)

    • Message VPN: default

    • Client Username: sampleUser (can be any value)

    • Client Password: samplePassword (can be any value)

      Note: By default, the PubSub+ Software "default" message VPN has authentication disabled.

Option 3: Get access to a PubSub+ Appliance

  • Contact your PubSub+ appliance administrators and obtain the following:

    • A PubSub+ Message-VPN where you can produce and consume direct and persistent messages
    • The host name or IP address of the Solace appliance hosting your Message-VPN
    • A username and password to access the Solace appliance

Obtaining the Solace PubSub+ API

The repository where this tutorial reside already comes with C API library version However, you should always check for any newer version for download here. The C API is distributed as a gzipped tar file for all supported platform. To update to a newer version of the API, please ensure that the existing core library components are appropriately replaced by the newer components.

Loading and Initializing the Solace JavaScript API

To load the Solace Web Messaging API for JavaScript on your HTML page simply include the solclient.js file from the distribution.

     <script src="../../../lib/solclient.js"></script>

Use the debug version of the API in lib/solclient-debug.js file instead, if you’re planning to see console log messages and/or debug it.

    <script src="../../../lib/solclient-debug.js"></script>

Then initialize the SolclientFactory, which is the first entry point to the API. Add the following to initialize with the latest version10 behavior profile to run with the default property values that Solace recommends at the time of the version 10 release.

var factoryProps = new solace.SolclientFactoryProperties();
factoryProps.profile = solace.SolclientFactoryProfiles.version10;

If the debug version of the API has been loaded the required level of logging can be set like so:


Connecting to the Solace message broker

In order to send or receive messages, an application must connect a Solace session. The Solace session is the basis for all client communication with the Solace message broker.

The solace.SolclientFactory is used to create a Solace Session from SessionProperties. In the example below, SessionProperties is created using object initializers.

Then listeners are defined for Session Events of interest and for receiving direct messages, which are explained in the next sections.

The created session connects to the Solace message broker with the session.connect() call.

This tutorial’s sample code comes as two separate applications: one (with the "publisher" object) publishes messages to a specific topic, and the other (with the "subscriber" object) subscribes to messages on that topic and receives the messages.

The following is an example of a session creating and connecting to the Solace message broker for the subscriber. The publisher's code will be the same except for that it doesn't require a message event listener.

// create session
subscriber.session = solace.SolclientFactory.createSession({
    // solace.SessionProperties
    url:      hosturl,
    vpnName:  vpn,
    userName: username,
    password: pass,
// define session event listeners
    /*...see section Session Events...*/
// define message event listener
    /*...see section Receiving a message...*/
// connect the session
try {
} catch (error) {

At this point your browser is connected as a client to the Solace message broker. You can use SolAdmin to view this client connection and related details.

Session Events

The Solace Web Messaging API for JavaScript communicates changes in status and results of connect and subscription calls through emitting session events with certain event names.

It is necessary to wire your application logic to events through listeners to take appropriate action. The most important events are:

  • SessionEventCode.UP_NOTICE: success connecting session to the Solace message broker
  • SessionEventCode.CONNECT_FAILED_ERROR: unable to connect to the Solace message broker
  • SessionEventCode.DISCONNECTED: session was disconnected from the Solace message broker

This is how event listeners can be defined in the sample subscriber:

// define session event listeners
subscriber.session.on(solace.SessionEventCode.UP_NOTICE, function (sessionEvent) {
    subscriber.log('=== Successfully connected and ready to publish messages. ===');
subscriber.session.on(solace.SessionEventCode.CONNECT_FAILED_ERROR, function (sessionEvent) {
    subscriber.log('Connection failed to the message broker: ' + sessionEvent.infoStr +
        ' - check correct parameter values and connectivity!');
subscriber.session.on(solace.SessionEventCode.DISCONNECTED, function (sessionEvent) {
    if (subscriber.session !== null) {
        subscriber.session = null;

Receiving a message from a queue

Now it is time to receive the messages sent to your queue.

Diagram: Receiving a Message from a Queue

Receiving guaranteed messages is different from the direct messaging case described in the the publish/subscribe tutorial.

To receive guaranteed messages, a connected Session is used to create a Solace MessageConsumer object from MessageConsumerProperties and then connected, meaning that it will bind to the queue on the message broker and can start receiving messages.

// Create message consumer
subscriber.messageSubscriber = subscriber.session.createMessageConsumer({
    // solace.MessageConsumerProperties
    queueDescriptor: { name: subscriber.queueName, type: solace.QueueType.QUEUE },
    acknowledgeMode: solace.MessageConsumerAcknowledgeMode.CLIENT, // Enabling Client ack
    createIfMissing: true // Create queue if not exists
// define message consumer event listeners
    /*...see section Message Consumer Events...*/
// define message received event listener
    /*...see section Message Consumer Message Received Event...*/
// connect the message consumer
try {
} catch (error) {

Notice that here we use the Solace "Client acknowledgement mode", which allows the consumers to acknowledge each message individually. You can learn more about acknowledgement modes in the Solace Documentation – Acknowledging Messages Received by Clients.

    acknowledgeMode: solace.MessageConsumerAcknowledgeMode.CLIENT, // Enabling Client ack

We also want to create the queue if it is found missing on the Broker, so we set the "createIfMissing" flag to true.

    createIfMissing: true // Create queue if not exists

Message Consumer Events

Message consumer related events will be sent to the event listeners defined for the MessageConsumer. The most important events are:

  • MessageConsumerEventName.UP: the message consumer has successfully bound to the destination and ready to receive messages
  • MessageConsumerEventName.CONNECT_FAILED_ERROR: the message consumer has not been able to bind to the destination
  • MessageConsumerEventName.DOWN: the message consumer has been disconnected.
// Define message consumer event listeners
subscriber.messageSubscriber.on(solace.MessageConsumerEventName.UP, function () {
    subscriber.consuming = true;
    subscriber.log('=== Ready to receive messages. ===');
subscriber.messageSubscriber.on(solace.MessageConsumerEventName.CONNECT_FAILED_ERROR, function () {
    subscriber.consuming = false;
    subscriber.log('=== Error: the message consumer could not bind to queue "' + subscriber.queueName +
        '" ===\n   Ensure this queue exists on the message broker');
subscriber.messageSubscriber.on(solace.MessageConsumerEventName.DOWN, function () {
    subscriber.consuming = false;
    subscriber.log('=== An error happened, the message consumer is down ===');

Adding subscriptions to the Message Consumer

We can add subscriptions to the MessageConsumer to attract events on a specific topic.

    subscriber.topicName, // correlation key as topic name
    10000 // 10 seconds timeout for this operation

Notice parameters to the session addSubscription function.

  • The first parameter is the solace.Destination created from the topic name.
  • The second (Object | String | null | undefined) parameter specifies a correlation key. If specified, this value is echoed within MessageConsumerEvent.
  • The third parameter is the request timeout period (in milliseconds). If specified, this value overwrites readTimeoutInMsecs property in SessionProperties.

After the subscription is successfully added the subscriber is ready to receive messages and nothing happens until a message is received.

Message Consumer Subscription Events

Message consumer subscription related events will be sent to the event listeners defined for the MessageConsumer. The important events are:

  • MessageConsumerEventName.SUBSCRIPTION_OK: the message consumer has successfully added subscription to the queue on the message broker and will receive messages on the subscribed topic
  • MessageConsumerEventName.SUBSCRIPTION_ERROR: the message consumer subscription failed as the message broker rejected the queue subscription
// Define message consumer event listeners
subscriber.messageSubscriber.on(solace.MessageConsumerEventName.SUBSCRIPTION_OK, function (sessionEvent) {
    subscriber.log('=== Ready to receive messages. ===\n' +
                    'Correlation key - ' + sessionEvent.correlationKey);
subscriber.messageSubscriber.on(solace.MessageConsumerEventName.SUBSCRIPTION_ERROR, function (sessionEvent) {
  subscriber.log('Cannot subscribe to topic ' + sessionEvent.reason);

Message Consumer Message Received Event

Message received events will be sent to the message received event listener defined for the message consumer. Successful processing of a message must be explicitly acknowledged because "client acknowledgement mode" is used:

// Define message received event listener
subscriber.messageSubscriber.on(solace.MessageConsumerEventName.MESSAGE, function (message) {
    subscriber.log('Received message: "' + message.getBinaryAttachment() + '",' +
        ' details:\n' + message.dump());
    // Need to explicitly ack otherwise it will not be deleted from the message broker


Getting the Source

Clone the GitHub repository containing the Solace samples.

git clone
cd solace-samples-javascript

Note: the code in the master branch of this repository depends on Solace JavaScript API version 10 or later. If you want to work with an older version clone the branch that corresponds your version.

Installing the Web Messaging API for JavaScript

It is assumed that the lib directory containing the API libraries will be installed at the root of the cloned solace-samples-javascript repository:

cp -R <path_to_unzipped_API_distribution_package>/lib/ .

Running the Samples

The samples consist of two separate publisher and subscriber browser applications, each comes as a pair: one HTML file and one JavaScript file that is loaded by the HTML file.

Sample Output

First open src/basic-samples/GuaranteedSubscriber/GuaranteedSubscriber.html page in the browser and connect to a Solace broker by specifying the message broker properties and clicking Connect button.

Then create a consumer and start consuming messages by clicking the Consume Messages button.

The following is a screenshot of the tutorial’s GuaranteedSubscriber.html web page with the JavaScript debug console open in the Firefox browser. It captures the page after it was loaded and the Connect button was clicked and then the Consume Messages button was clicked.

Screenshot: Guaranteed Subscriber

Now, open src/basic-samples/GuaranteedPublisher/GuaranteedPublisher.html page in the browser and connect to the same Solace broker by specifying the message broker properties and clicking “Connect” button.

Publish messages by clicking the Send Message” button on the GuaranteedPublisher/GuaranteedPublisher.html_ page.

The following screenshots of the tutorial’s GuaranteedPublisher.html and GuaranteedPublisher.html web pages with the JavaScript debug console open in the Firefox browser. It captures the pages after a message was published and received.

This is the publisher is publishing a message (GuaranteedPublisher.html):

Screenshot: Guaranteed Publisher

This is the subscriber receiving a message (GuaranteedSubscriber.html):

Screenshot: Guaranteed Subscriber

With that you now know how to successfully implement topic to queue mapping using publish-subscribe message exchange pattern using Guaranteed messages.

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